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Proper diet for the maintenance of thyroid health


A balanced and targeted diet can play a fundamental role in maintaining thyroid health. The thyroid gland is responsible for producing hormones that regulate metabolism and influence various functions in the body. Let's explore which foods and dietary habits are recommended to promote the proper functioning of the thyroid.


Selenium is an essential mineral involved in the synthesis of thyroid hormones. Some selenium-rich foods include nuts, sunflower seeds, fish, lean meat, eggs, and dairy. Incorporating these selenium sources into the diet can support thyroid health.



Iodine is a fundamental nutrient for the synthesis of thyroid hormones. Primary sources of iodine include seafood, seaweed, iodized salt, and some dairy products. It is important to ensure the right amount of iodine in the diet, as both deficiency and excess can negatively affect thyroid function.


Foods rich in essential nutrients:

To promote thyroid health, it is advisable to include nutrient-rich foods in the diet, such as vitamin D, vitamin A, vitamin B12, zinc, and iron. Common sources of these nutrients include colorful fruits and vegetables, dairy, lean meat, legumes, nuts, and seeds.


Cruciferous and goitrogenic foods:

Cruciferous vegetables such as cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, turnips, and Brussels sprouts contain substances called goitrogens that can interfere with thyroid function. However, cooking these foods can reduce the presence of goitrogens. Therefore, it is recommended to consume these cooked foods in a balanced manner as part of a varied diet.


Limit intake of processed foods and added sugars:

Processed foods and those high in added sugars can have a negative impact on overall health and thyroid function. It is advisable to limit their consumption and prefer fresh, unprocessed, and nutrient-rich foods.


Balancing carbohydrate intake:

Proper balancing of carbohydrate intake is important for thyroid health. Opting for complex carbohydrates from whole grains, legumes, and vegetables, instead of refined carbohydrates like refined sugars and white flour, is recommended.


A balanced and targeted diet can promote the proper functioning of the thyroid and overall health. Including foods rich in selenium, iodine, and other essential nutrients, along with limiting processed foods and added sugars, can contribute to maintaining a healthy thyroid. However, it is always advisable to consult a healthcare professional or a dietitian before making significant changes to one’s diet, especially in the case of thyroid disorders or specific medical conditions.

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