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Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism: the most common pathologies


We report the main symptoms of some of the most common thyroid diseases.


When the thyroid produces too many thyroid hormones, hyperthyroidism occurs.

This pathology brings with it numerous symptoms which we show in the photo.

The causes of hyperthyroidism can be:
Graves’ disease: This is an autoimmune disease that causes the thyroid to produce too many thyroid hormones
Thyroiditis: inflammation of the thyroid can cause the release of thyroid hormones
Thyroid nodules: In some cases, they can produce excess thyroid hormones
Taking iodine supplements: iodine is used by the thyroid to produce hormones, excessive intake of iodine supplements can stimulate thyroid activity
Taking amiodarone: this drug, used to control heartbeat alterations, contains a significant quantity of iodine which can induce alterations in thyroid function
Follicular thyroid cancer: Cells in thyroid tumors can produce thyroid hormones


Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid is unable to synthesize a quantity of hormones (T3 and T4 in particular) adequate for the needs of the human body.

This pathology brings with it numerous symptoms which we show in the photos.

Among the most common causes of its appearance are:

  • autoimmune diseases
  • surgical removal of the thyroid
  • radioactive iodine therapy
  • some drugs
  • congenital (in which case it is present from birth)

If one or more of the listed symptoms are encountered, it is necessary to contact a specialist who will ascertain or exclude the presence of a thyroid disease.

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